This is an invasive plant, Horned Poppy. Thanks to Kelly Omand of the Nantucket Conservation Foundation it was identified here at the field station and removed by the field station Jr Rangers.
Description of Horned Poppy: Several branched stems grow from a rosette of leaves. The crinkly, gray-green leaves also appear on the stems and below each flower. The golden-yellow flowers are open and about 2 inches in diameter. Occasionally, there are orange or red flowers. The roots of the horned poppy are poisonous.